Opioid Prescription Addiction

hydrocodone opiates

Opioids are commonly prescription drugs like morphine, hydrocodone, oxycodone, and heroin, which are administered to relieve patients of extreme pain due to an injury. These substances directly affect certain receptors in the brain, which are called opioid receptors.

Such substances combine with naturally produced secretion like endorphins, which trigger “happy feelings” or the “happy hormones” within the human body, leading to significant mood elevation and benumbing the sensation of pain. Thus, the possibility of addiction to such opioids, that is, dependence on such drugs even when not medically feasible or advisable, increases greatly. This is called opioid addiction.

One of the most important anti-opioid addiction drugs available in the market is buprenorphine, and the buprenorphine treatment locator is used to source information about opioid de-addiction by prospective patients, their family members, counselors, medical advisors, and state services.

Causes of Opioid Addiction

It has been noted that most patients who finally develop opioid addiction have some form of severe psychological co-morbidity, or inclination toward addiction to the strong anti-depressant, anti-anxiety properties of these drugs. Dysfunction of serotonin can also lead the patient to crave for anti-depressants, such as opioid drugs. More information about the causes and possible symptoms of opioid addiction can be obtained by using the buprenorphine treatment locator, which aims at educating people about the common nature of such self-medication and drug abuse. Addiction to prescription drugs which can often be sold over the counter is common, but the awareness is not proportionately high.

Withdrawal Symptoms of Opioid Addiction

-An addict often experiences a severe craving for opioids. Symptoms of opioid addiction are common to those of other drug abuse tendencies.

-Often the patient experiences withdrawal when the dosage of the opioid has been stopped or reduced significantly.

-Their psychological dependence on drugs increases and they tend to waste time and money in the pursuit of drug-induced pleasures.

-They tend to neglect alternative pleasures that had thus been a source of entertainment for them.

-The addict often experiences diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, chills, cold and cough, sneezing, tremors, itching, priapism, akasthisia. The mental or psychological imbalances caused by withdrawal include paranoia, insomnia, dizziness, cravings, among others.

-More information about symptoms can be obtained by taking recourse to the buprenorphine treatment locator services, which not only allow people to access treatment programs for rehab, but also provide them with basic and fundamental information about the nature and causes of addiction.

Buprenorphine is now recognized as a legitimate and legal medication for the treatment of opioid addiction. The chief problem with painkillers like morphine, prescription painkillers like OxyContin and Vicodin is their abuse by a number of patients. These opiate drugs are powerful and abused, acting as they do on certain opiate receptors in the brain, which also regulate pain and emotions in the human body and mind.

The “high” or effect of taking these prescription medicines has resulted in startling statistics, which demonstrate that over a million people in the United States alone are currently medical substance abusers.

A number of substances like Naltrexone and Methadone have previously been used in relieving patients from the harms of medical substance abuse or abuse of prescription drugs. Buprenorphine is the latest addition to this list of counter-addiction substances, as it is an agonist or antagonist, which targets the same opiate receptors in the brain that prescription drugs like morphine do, without producing the dangerous “high” that is a result or a side effect of the commonly used prescription drugs.

And with the help of the buprenorphine treatment locator, it has become extremely easy for potential patients, their family members, doctors, and counselors to locate physicians who are qualified to assist patients with opioid or opiate addictions using buprenorphine.

The buprenorphine treatment locator helps you search physicians who are qualified to suggest opiate de-addiction treatment like Suboxone and Subutex, or treatment programs that can help one get rid of the chain of addiction. It has been shown in clinical tests that buprenorphine does help in opioid addiction. In one study, a number of addicts in the test study successfully stayed of opiates after taking the treatment. The success was measured by making passing a urine drug test for opiates a requirement.

Statistics have shown that buprenorphine can be used alone or in combination with naloxone to assist opioid de-addiction. It is safe to use and has no addictive properties, nor does it have any side effects. It reduced addiction of prescription or opiate drugs significantly. However, it can create extreme “highs” while injected, though it does not show any adverse effects if taken orally.

Its novelty lies in its unique combination with naloxone, which is an opioid antagonist, ensuring that addiction tendencies are severely limited. The success story of buprenorphine, which is attested by the number of people using the buprenorphine treatment locator to seek help in de-addicting themselves or their loved ones, has also made such alternative options available to people that were earlier only part of federally approved treatment programs. The use of buprenorphine by physicians has widened the scope of de-addiction programs.

More efforts are underway to test the efficacy of buprenorphine in helping adolescents, pregnant women, and aged patients to cope with the trauma of opioid addiction.…

PRESCRIPTION DRUG ABUSE

Prescription drug abuse refers to a situation where a person takes a medication in a way that differs from what the doctor prescribed. There are different ways in which you can abuse prescribed drugs including using a medication that has been prescribed for someone else, using a medicine for a different purpose, taking more than you’re required to take (a larger dose), and taking a medication in a way that you’re not supposed to.

Probably you’ve never abused prescription drugs since you’ve always followed your doctor’s instructions. That’s fine. While there are many other people who take prescription drugs as prescribed and instructed, the National Institute on Drug Abuse reports that there are about 48 million people who abuse prescription drugs. 48 million is about 20 percent of the United States population.

Most people never realize that prescription drugs are dangerous if abused and can be addictive just as other illicit drugs. Before a health care professional prescribes any drug to a patient, he or she considers their current health condition as well as their history of drug and medicine use as a way of assessing the benefits and risks for the patient.

Understand that every prescription medicine as some risk for side effects. That’s why your doctor must carefully consider this before prescribing any medicine. When prescription drugs are abused, they can put the user at risk for other adverse health conditions.

Some of the most commonly abused prescription drugs according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse include:

Stimulants which are usually used in the treatment of narcolepsy (a sleep disorder) and attention deficit disorder. They include methylphenidate such as Ritalin, Methylin, Daytrana, Concerta, and Ritalin.

Central Nervous System (CNS) depressants which are usually used in the treatment of anxiety and sleep disorders.

Opioid medications which are used to treat pain. They are prescribed to help in managing pain and are known to improve the quality of life for people living with chronic pain.

How will you know if you’re abusing prescription drugs?

One of the signs that you’re abusing prescription medicine is when you start taking higher doses that what your health care provider prescribed. Prescription drug abuse also involves using the medicine for reasons other than prescribed. Consider this, your health care provider prescribes a pain medication which you’re supposed to take three times a day. Abuse comes in when you start taking the medicine twice or more frequently that you’re supposed to.

The best way to help someone who is addicted to or abusing prescription drugs is to talk to a health care professional. There are drug treatment programs that your doctor can refer you to and you’ll be helped. It’s also important that you discuss with the person about your concerns so that he or she may know you’re aware of the problem.

ADDICTION TO DRUGS

Why do people become addicted to drugs? This is a question many people are always asking since they don’t understand how it just happens. Some don’t understand how drugs end up changing an individual’s brain to foster compulsive drug abuse. Most of these people tend to think or rather view drug addiction and drug abuse as a social problem. Some of those who are addicted to drugs are thought to be morally weak as well.

What does it mean to be addicted to drugs?

When a person is said to be addicted to drugs, it means they have a chronic disease or are in a situation characterized by drug seeking and use in a manner that it’s difficult to control regardless of the effects and harmful consequences. At first, the person makes a voluntary decision to take drugs but after using them repeatedly, his brain undergoes some changes that interfere with the person’s ability to control and resist the urge to take those drugs.

Most people mistakenly view those addicted to drugs as individuals who don’t have the willpower and moral principles. They think that anyone who uses drugs can stop simply by making a decision and choosing to. Well, this is not true because addiction to drugs is a complex condition and it takes more than the willpower or good intentions to stop. The fact that an person’s brain undergoes changes means that it becomes harder to quit even for those who are willing and want to. This is a brain disease.

It’s, however, important to note that there are treatments that can help addicted individuals to regain control and overcome addiction to drugs. The treatments available usually counteract the disruptive effects of the addiction. According to research, a combination of treatment medications and behavioral therapy can successfully help one to overcome addiction.

Risks for Addiction

There are many different factors that can predict if an individual will get addicted to a given drug. Not that the risk of becoming addicted to drugs is influenced by more than one factor. As a matter of fact, the more risk for addiction increases with the number of risk factors a person has. Some of the risk factors include:

Environment.

Environment, in this case, refers to many different influences including a person’s economic status, friends, family, quality of life, and other environmental features. Some people become addicted to drugs as a result of physical and sexual abuse, depression and stress, parental guidance, as well as peer pressure and early exposure to drug use.

Biological factors

This may include a person’s ethnic background, gender, genes, and the presence of mental disorders. All these factors can influence the risk for using drugs and becoming addicted.

Development

The risk for addiction also depends on the critical developmental stages in an individual’s life. Despite the fact that a person can become addicted to drugs at any age, starting using drugs at an early age can lead to addiction.

It’s possible to prevent some of the largest drug addiction like an opioid addiction. According to researchers, prevention programs involving learning institutions, the media, family, and communities have been found to be effective in reducing drug abuse and addiction. It’s important to help the general public including the young people understand the consequences and risks of drug abuse. Health care professionals, parents, and teachers in learning institutions can as well inform children and the public that prevention is key when it comes to addiction to drugs.